Report on when the Kings of ancient Israel Reigned
The kings of ancient Judah were under David’s covenant. Covenants are usually measured with their own calendar, starting at the day the covenant starts. It may be that the king’s reigns are given as covenant time, rather than calendar time. This report indicates this is quite possible with Judah’s kings but not with Israel’s. The math for Judah’s kings works out correctly to the day across more than 400 years.
Each king of ancient Israel was a "bond man" bound by covenant as king. That suggests a restart in the time that each king reigns. So, for example, a 55 year reign begins a 55 year period with its own specialized calendar, the sabbath months falling for that contract at the 7, 14, ... 49, 50th years in the contract.
If it works this way the king’s reign is NOT marked from the running wall calendar. This would explain how most kings have only so many years recorded for them, but then certain kings, with precise day counts. Instead of using modern error analysis, we should just consider God meant what he said, and each king had a precise time, following his contract, except when noted.
To explore this hunch the following report shows the expected periods of reign where the time of reign is a new contract that picks up at the day after the end of the previous king’s contract. Generally speaking this will cause the overall span of time covered by these kings to come up short, as only Manasseh will reign long enough to pass a Jubilee.
The test that this is a correct rendering is that the end of the stated reigns must agree with the specific dates at the fall of Jerusalem to the Babylonian army. Here we don’t have the year from any fixed point but we do have the day of the month.
We start with a rather odd condition, given in 1 Kings...
1And it came to pass in the four hundred and eightieth year after the children of Israel were come out of the land of Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon's reign over Israel, in the month Zif, which is the second month, that he began to build the house of the Lord.began…: Heb. built F. Kings 6:1 KJV
1In the four hundred and eightieth year after the Israelites had come out of Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon's reign over Israel, in the month of Ziv, the second month, he began to build the temple of the LORD. F. Kings 6:1 NIV
37The foundation of the temple of the LORD was laid in the fourth year, in the month of Ziv. F. Kings 6:37 NIV
37¶In the fourth year was the foundation of the house of the Lord laid, in the month Zif: F. Kings 6:37 KJV
2He began building on the second day of the second month in the fourth year of his reign. S. Chronicles 3:2 NIV
2And he began to build in the second day of the second month, in the fourth year of his reign. S. Chronicles 3:2 KJV
What this doesn’t say is exactly where we’re supposed to start Solomon’s reign. We’ll begin this exercise by suggesting he is crowned at the 29th day of the last month of the year 9976. 9976/12/29, with his first day of reign being the 30th day of that month. This gives him claim to the year 9977 as his first year, 78, as 2nd, 79, as 3rd and 480 FE, or 9980 AA as his 4th.
Checking the last date in the chart above, it agrees with the given date for the fall of Jerusalem.
5The city was kept under siege until the eleventh year of King Zedekiah.
6By the ninth day of the fourth month the famine in the city had become so severe that there was no food for the people to eat. Jeremiah 52:5-6 NIV
5So the city was besieged unto the eleventh year of king Zedekiah. 6And in the fourth month, in the ninth day of the month, the famine was sore in the city, so that there was no bread for the people of the land. Jeremiah 52:5-6 KJV
2And on the ninth day of the fourth month of Zedekiah's eleventh year, the city wall was broken through. Jeremiah 39:2 NIV
2And in the eleventh year of Zedekiah, in the fourth month, the ninth day of the month, the city was broken up. Jeremiah 39:2 KJV
It appears that each king did rule for a contract number of days. Any variation anywhere in the kings list would have caused this to hit some other terminal date.