Intro: Passion Harmony
This website sections provides a harmony of the Gospels based on the historical chronology of the Bible. Jesus replayed the historical chronology of the Bible in his life, his ministry, and his passion. Knowing that structure allows a reconstruction of the Passion Week chronology using the prophetic schedule as the key. There is an article for each timed event which includes the scripture passages as well as modern headline fulfillments when known.
Phases in Jesus’ Life
Jesus’ life can be thought of in 3 different ways. The first is the "early years" which include his birth and events in his childhood. The period leading up to Jesus birth was 70 weeks long and was a prophetic application of the 70 weeks of Daniel.
Jesus’ public ministry was also 70 weeks long, a second prophetic application of Daniel’s 70 weeks. This 70 weeks began at Jesus’ water baptism and ending with Pentecost, the spiritual baptism of Jesus’ disciples.
Within this ministry time the Gospels pay special attention to the events in Passion Week. This began with the Triumphal Entry into Jerusalem on Palm Sunday and ended 1 week later when the tomb was found to be empty.
The focus here is on the last week of Jesus earthly life. It began with triumphal entry on Sunday afternoon and ended 1 week later. This was the most heavily documented time in Jesus' ministry. Indeed, the most heavily documented time in the Bible.
Each of the events presented in this section is listed under a title that provides timing information for the event. The first item is the applied time when the event happened in Jesus’ life. This is the historical date provided on both the 30 day Biblical calendar and the Roman calendar of Jesus’ era. The Jewish calendar was not stable until the 900s and is not suitable for accurately dating Jesus’ actions.
In Jesus’ ministry, there is a prophetic clock running at 210 historical years to the week that matches the events of his ministry and provides the effective dates for otherwise undated stories. As you’ll discover the dating of historical events can be taken as a given from the Historical narrative, or can be deduced based on the various clues provided by the Gospel accounts themselves.
Jesus’ Passion Week continues with Jesus’ ministry as a prophetic narrative against world history, but also includes another prophetic replay of the historical time line. This replay-within-a-replay is a powerful technique for understanding the general design of time itself and for fully understanding what Jesus was doing and saying across the time of Passion week. The headers for this week include both the continuing historical application, and the replay.
Jesus entered the city of Jerusalem on Sunday at the start of Passion week. His entry was the start of an hour-accurate prophetic ministry that ran across the rest of the week.
This prophetic interval ended some 100 hours later when Jesus was placed in the tomb.
Across those hours each thing Jesus did was a timed prophetic match to something at the same time in the Bible’s core historical time line. Each hour in Jesus’ passion week was a replay of exactly 210 historical years. This was also a replay of 7 days in his public ministry, since his public ministry was structured around the same chronology. Remember, Jesus is the Bible's story made flesh, so he lived out the Bible’s time lines. Over, and over again, it turns out. Each time at a different time scale.
Establishing the Passion Week Chronology
Many have attempted to establish a chronology for the week. Readers of this page may attempt to do the same themselves. The following articles are an answer but it does not reveal the essential steps. For readers that want some hints on building a chronology themselves, let me suggest the following keys.
Key 1: The women went to look for Jesus on the first day of the week. (John 24:1) That was days counted in Biblical style, day changes occur at sunset. Day 7 ends at what we call sunset on Saturday.
Key 2: Jesus had to spend the better part of 3 days and nights in the tomb. This was to fulfill prophecy about Jesus based on the sign of Jonah, who himself spent 3 days and nights in a large fish. Since we know Jesus died about the 9th hour, or about 2:00 PM, and we know that fractions count as wholes, the 3 prophetic days was nominally up at 2:00 PM on Sunday. Counting back 3 days, Jesus had to have died about 2:00 PM on Thursday.
Key 3: Jesus was placed on the cross early in the morning, so that was what we would call Thursday morning.
Key 4: Jesus makes an appearance before Pilate at the 6th hour of the day. The 6th hour is what we call 11:00 AM. Since he was on the cross at this hour on Thursday, this appearance before Pilate had to be on Wednesday. This event is shown in the table below in hour 70. Note this event is prophetic for the time in the mid 300s AD when the Roman world adopted Christianity as the state religion. "Behold, your King," is the editorial. It has several other times when it may have serious prophetic implications.
Key 5: Since Jesus is arrested at night, a few hours after nightfall, his arrest had to have been on what we today would call Tuesday night. That Tuesday night through the following morning was full of activity as the charts below indicate.
With these keys the rough chronology of Passion Week can be established by anyone with a Bible and the time to wade through the specific references. The following articles simply augment the story line with details from all of the Passion Week accounts as well as the mathematics of the Bible’s trunk time line.
1. John 19:14