Jesus Walks on Water

Jesus sends his disciples ahead by boat then he meets them walking on the water. This is a parable pointing at the Red Sea crossing. This article explores.

Bible Story

45Immediately Jesus made his disciples get into the boat and go on ahead of him to Bethsaida, while he dismissed the crowd. 46After leaving them, he went up on a mountainside to pray.

47When evening came, the boat was in the middle of the lake, and he was alone on land. 48He saw the disciples straining at the oars, because the wind was against them. About the fourth watch of the night he went out to them, walking on the lake. He was about to pass by them, 49but when they saw him walking on the lake, they thought he was a ghost. They cried out, 50because they all saw him and were terrified.

Immediately he spoke to them and said, "Take courage! It is I. Don't be afraid." 51Then he climbed into the boat with them, and the wind died down. They were completely amazed, 52for they had not understood about the loaves; their hearts were hardened. Mark 6:45-52 NIV

45And straightway he constrained his disciples to get into the ship, and to go to the other side before unto Bethsaida, while he sent away the people. 46And when he had sent them away, he departed into a mountain to pray. 47And when even was come, the ship was in the midst of the sea, and he alone on the land. 48And he saw them toiling in rowing; for the wind was contrary unto them: and about the fourth watch of the night he cometh unto them, walking upon the sea, and would have passed by them. 49But when they saw him walking upon the sea, they supposed it had been a spirit, and cried out: 50For they all saw him, and were troubled. And immediately he talked with them, and saith unto them, Be of good cheer: it is I; be not afraid. 51And he went up unto them into the ship; and the wind ceased: and they were sore amazed in themselves beyond measure, and wondered. 52For they considered not the miracle of the loaves: for their heart was hardened. Mark 6:45-52 KJV


Like the other Ark based parables in the Book of Mark, this parable begins again with a trip by boat across the Sea of Galilee. This resets the time back to the historical event of Noah’s Ark.

In this particular story Jesus sends his disciples on ahead of him, alone, in their own boat. Then, in the middle of the 4th watch in the night Jesus appears as he is walking across the water, past the boat.

The time reference here, "Watch in the night" is reference to the time in the night when this happened. Nights are divided into 4 parts of 3 hours each. Night begins at sunset, nominally 6 PM, so each watch is 3 hours of the night. This particular meeting in the 4th such watch or between 3 AM and the 6 AM nominal sunrise.

Psalms explains[1] that 1000 years are like a day, they are also like watch in the night.

The 4th watch begins after 3 watches are over, or 3 watches * 1000 years/watch = 3000 years from the flood. This gets us to 6020-02-17 AA + 3000 = 9020-2-17 AA. But this is not quite enough.

This particular passage says about the 4th watch, so at some point after this point. If we look at the Dating of The Exodus we find it at 9501-01-15 AA. This is 1/2 way through another 1000 year interval.

Does the Exodus story of walking through the parted sea match Jesus walking ON the water? Of course.

So the about term means something like in or in the middle of the 4th watch. A total prophetic interval of 3500 years. 6020-02-17 AA + 3500 = 9520-02-17 AA or there abouts. By the way, this is in the middle of the 40 years of wandering in the wilderness. Between crossing the sea leaving Egypt and crossing the Jordan headed into Canaan.

More Details

Further details support this particular rendering of the parable. Jesus sends the masses of people away, allowing himself the chance to go up on a mountain to pray. Moses essentially did the same, separating the sons of Jacob from the masses of the Egyptians so they could worship God in the wilderness. That wilderness journey of course lead to Mount Sinai in Arabia, on the far side of the Red Sea. Then Moses himself went up a mountain to pray.

It is also curious that Mount Sinai was between the crossing of the Red Sea and the crossing of the Jordan River. Both represent forms of baptism and the encounter at Mount Sinai was between these two water crossing events. This quite similar to the way Jesus meets with his disciples in the middle of the lake.

The disciples were afraid of Jesus, thinking they saw a ghost. A ghostly appearance is thought to be a collection of vapors, similar to a cloud. In the ancient case the sons of Jacob saw the cloud, descend onto Mount Sinai. The ancients, too, were deathly afraid, wanting only Moses to approach God.

The disciples fear, of drowning in the sea, is the main event at the Exodus from Egypt. Ancient Israel thought they would drown, but they walked right through on dry ground.

The final comment, that they did not understand about the loaves, they had hard hearts, is an indirect reference as to why ancient Israel went down to Egypt in the first place.

Jesus Heals Many

53When they had crossed over, they landed at Gennesaret and anchored there. 54As soon as they got out of the boat, people recognized Jesus. 55They ran throughout that whole region and carried the sick on mats to wherever they heard he was. 56And wherever he went -- into villages, towns or countryside -- they placed the sick in the marketplaces. They begged him to let them touch even the edge of his cloak, and all who touched him were healed. Mark 6:53-56 NIV

53And when they had passed over, they came into the land of Gennesaret, and drew to the shore. 54And when they were come out of the ship, straightway they knew him, 55And ran through that whole region round about, and began to carry about in beds those that were sick, where they heard he was. 56And whithersoever he entered, into villages, or cities, or country, they laid the sick in the streets, and besought him that they might touch if it were but the border of his garment: and as many as touched him were made whole. Mark 6:53-56 KJV

The previous parable where Jesus encounters the disciples in the middle of the lake, likely around 4:30 AM in the morning, continues when they arrive on shore. This next parable does not contain any counts of anything so the timing is still tied to the previous parable. No crowds would have been able to see Jesus in the dark of night, but the sunrise, the end of the 4th watch, is when this would have taken place.

This story then dates at the end of the full 4000 years suggested by 4 full watches. So starting at Noah's food we can compute the indicated year 6020 AA + 4000 = 10020 AA. By inspecting the Judean Kings chronology we find this as the year after the end of the Civil War between the Northern and Southern kingdoms.

It helps to understand Jesus' actions by looking at how the kingdom was divided. Here is the story.

29About that time Jeroboam was going out of Jerusalem, and Ahijah the prophet of Shiloh met him on the way, wearing a new cloak. The two of them were alone out in the country, 30and Ahijah took hold of the new cloak he was wearing and tore it into twelve pieces. 31Then he said to Jeroboam, "Take ten pieces for yourself, for this is what the LORD, the God of Israel, says: `See, I am going to tear the kingdom out of Solomon's hand and give you ten tribes. First Kings 11:29-31 NIV

29And it came to pass at that time when Jeroboam went out of Jerusalem, that the prophet Ahijah the Shilonite found him in the way; and he had clad himself with a new garment; and they two were alone in the field: 30And Ahijah caught the new garment that was on him, and rent it in twelve pieces: 31And he said to Jeroboam, Take thee ten pieces: for thus saith the Lord, the God of Israel, Behold, I will rend the kingdom out of the hand of Solomon, and will give ten tribes to thee: First Kings 11:29-31 KJV

Note the use of 10 pieces of cloth representing the 10 tribes of the Northern Kingdom. The offer involves the demand that Jeroboam preserve the Testimony in order to be healed from the troubles at Jerusalem.

In this year the bulk of the population has been freed from the priesthood at Jerusalem. Touching the cloak is a match between these 2 stories. The 2 tribes in the south were forced to remain under priestly tyranny. This is picked up in the next passage.

Leaving Traditions Of Elders

1The Pharisees and some of the teachers of the law who had come from Jerusalem gathered around Jesus and 2saw some of his disciples eating food with hands that were "unclean," that is, unwashed. 3(The Pharisees and all the Jews do not eat unless they give their hands a ceremonial washing, holding to the tradition of the elders. 4When they come from the marketplace they do not eat unless they wash. And they observe many other traditions, such as the washing of cups, pitchers and kettles.)

5So the Pharisees and teachers of the law asked Jesus, "Why don't your disciples live according to the tradition of the elders instead of eating their food with `unclean' hands?"

6He replied, "Isaiah was right when he prophesied about you hypocrites; as it is written: "`These people honor me with their lips, but their hearts are far from me. 7They worship me in vain; their teachings are but rules taught by men.' 8You have let go of the commands of God and are holding on to the traditions of men." Mark 7:1-8 NIV

1Then came together unto him the Pharisees, and certain of the scribes, which came from Jerusalem. 2And when they saw some of his disciples eat bread with defiled, that is to say, with unwashen, hands, they found fault. 3For the Pharisees, and all the Jews, except they wash their hands oft, eat not, holding the tradition of the elders.ean mee (except) - mee empty 4And when they come from the market, except they wash, they eat not. And many other things there be, which they have received to hold, as the washing of cups, and pots, brasen vessels, and of tables.ean mee (except) - mee empty 5Then the Pharisees and scribes asked him, Why walk not thy disciples according to the tradition of the elders, but eat bread with unwashen hands?dia di (why) - dia empty 6He answered and said unto them, Well hath Esaias prophesied of you hypocrites, as it is written, This people honoureth me with their lips, but their heart is far from me. 7Howbeit in vain do they worship me, teaching for doctrines the commandments of men. 8For laying aside the commandment of God, ye hold the tradition of men, as the washing of pots and cups: and many other such like things ye do. Mark 7:1-8 KJV

This stories is also following Jeroboam's departure from the religious systems of Solomon. In this case the Jews are complaining that Jesus is advocating departure from that system.

This is what the followers of Solomon would do against Jeroboam too. The North and South were at war with each other for many years on this point.

Jesus is on the side of the northerners, not the southerners.

Faith of the Syro-Phoenician Woman

24And from thence he arose, and went into the borders of Tyre and Sidon, and entered into an house, and would have no man know it: but he could not be hid. 25For a certain woman, whose young daughter had an unclean spirit, heard of him, and came and fell at his feet: 26The woman was a Greek, a Syrophenician by nation; and she besought him that he would cast forth the devil out of her daughter. 27But Jesus said unto her, Let the children first be filled: for it is not meet to take the children's bread, and to cast it unto the dogs. 28And she answered and said unto him, Yes, Lord: yet the dogs under the table eat of the children's crumbs.kai gar (yet) - kai empty 29And he said unto her, For this saying go thy way; the devil is gone out of thy daughter. 30And when she was come to her house, she found the devil gone out, and her daughter laid upon the bed. Mark 7:24-30 KJV

24Jesus left that place and went to the vicinity of Tyre. He entered a house and did not want anyone to know it; yet he could not keep his presence secret. 25In fact, as soon as she heard about him, a woman whose little daughter was possessed by an evil spirit came and fell at his feet. 26The woman was a Greek, born in Syrian Phoenicia. She begged Jesus to drive the demon out of her daughter.

27"First let the children eat all they want," he told her, "for it is not right to take the children's bread and toss it to their dogs."

28"Yes, Lord," she replied, "but even the dogs under the table eat the children's crumbs."

29Then he told her, "For such a reply, you may go; the demon has left your daughter."

30She went home and found her child lying on the bed, and the demon gone. Mark 7:24-30 NIV

Jesus has not crossed by boat to get here, so we as readers must simply move up the historical timeline in order to find the next matched story.

Jesus enters into a peculiar dialog with the woman involving crumbs from the table fed to dogs. This is enough to find the matched prophetic story.

This area up north along the coast had supplied food for the table of Solomon. Heirs to the throne there were eventually the parents of Jezebel.[2]

Jezebel herself was found eaten by dogs after Jehu had a meal with his generals.[3] This according to an earlier prophecy.[4]

So the conversation between Jesus and this woman is a direct reference back to the story of Jezebel who was from this area. Jezebel was a daughter of Sidon.

By renouncing the works of Jezebel, this woman's daughter was healed.

Deaf Mute at Decapolis

31And again, departing from the coasts of Tyre and Sidon, he came unto the sea of Galilee, through the midst of the coasts of Decapolis. 32And they bring unto him one that was deaf, and had an impediment in his speech; and they beseech him to put his hand upon him. 33And he took him aside from the multitude, and put his fingers into his ears, and he spit, and touched his tongue;kat idian (on his own) - no English for Greek tagged idian (tag 8) with 'aside' (from tag 2) 34And looking up to heaven, he sighed, and saith unto him, Ephphatha, that is, Be opened. 35And straightway his ears were opened, and the string of his tongue was loosed, and he spake plain. 36And he charged them that they should tell no man: but the more he charged them, so much the more a great deal they published it; 37And were beyond measure astonished, saying, He hath done all things well: he maketh both the deaf to hear, and the dumb to speak. Mark 7:31-37 KJV

31Then Jesus left the vicinity of Tyre and went through Sidon, down to the Sea of Galilee and into the region of the Decapolis. 32There some people brought to him a man who was deaf and could hardly talk, and they begged him to place his hand on the man.

33After he took him aside, away from the crowd, Jesus put his fingers into the man's ears. Then he spit and touched the man's tongue. 34He looked up to heaven and with a deep sigh said to him, "Ephphatha!" (which means, "Be opened!"). 35At this, the man's ears were opened, his tongue was loosened and he began to speak plainly.

36Jesus commanded them not to tell anyone. But the more he did so, the more they kept talking about it. 37People were overwhelmed with amazement. "He has done everything well," they said. "He even makes the deaf hear and the mute speak." Mark 7:31-37 NIV

From Tyre, Jesus heads back to the shores of the Sea of Galilee. This is not traveling by boat, so we as readers must keep moving forward in the historical narrative to find the match.

The ’Decapolis’ or ’City of 10’ is figuratively the 10 northern tribes of ancient Israel. But, they are in their own cities. This is an allusion to Babylon. After the Assyrian invasion, some of the refugees were located in the region of Babylon, from there they grow into the Babylonians.[5]

This general scenario is found in the way Jesus heals the 'deaf mute' in this place. This is an allusion to Nebuchadnezzar's 7 years of eating grass. He was like an animal, could not speak, and would not listen, for those 7 years.[6]

Jesus Feeds 4000

1During those days another large crowd gathered. Since they had nothing to eat, Jesus called his disciples to him and said, 2"I have compassion for these people; they have already been with me three days and have nothing to eat. 3If I send them home hungry, they will collapse on the way, because some of them have come a long distance."

4His disciples answered, "But where in this remote place can anyone get enough bread to feed them?"

5"How many loaves do you have?" Jesus asked.

"Seven," they replied.

6He told the crowd to sit down on the ground. When he had taken the seven loaves and given thanks, he broke them and gave them to his disciples to set before the people, and they did so. 7They had a few small fish as well; he gave thanks for them also and told the disciples to distribute them. 8The people ate and were satisfied. Afterward the disciples picked up seven basketfuls of broken pieces that were left over. 9About four thousand men were present. And having sent them away, Mark 8:1-9 NIV

1In those days the multitude being very great, and having nothing to eat, Jesus called his disciples unto him, and saith unto them, 2I have compassion on the multitude, because they have now been with me three days, and have nothing to eat: 3And if I send them away fasting to their own houses, they will faint by the way: for divers of them came from far. 4And his disciples answered him, From whence can a man satisfy these men with bread here in the wilderness? 5And he asked them, How many loaves have ye? And they said, Seven. 6And he commanded the people to sit down on the ground: and he took the seven loaves, and gave thanks, and brake, and gave to his disciples to set before them; and they did set them before the people. 7And they had a few small fishes: and he blessed, and commanded to set them also before them. 8So they did eat, and were filled: and they took up of the broken meat that was left seven baskets. 9And they that had eaten were about four thousand: and he sent them away. Mark 8:1-9 KJV

Without leaving the region of the Decapolis, Mark records a second time that Jesus feeds a crowd. They have been with Jesus three days without food. This is a direct prophetic reference to the 3 years of the Assyrian Siege[7] against Samaria, when Samaria also had no food.

The underlying language for ’come’ as in ’they have come a long way’ can be equally translated ’go’ so the secondary meaning of the passage is they have a long way to go to get to their homes so we need to feed them before the leave. This is what the tribes were about to do when Samaria fell.

The crowds were commanded to sit on the ground because they were prophetically being spread out across the ground, the earth itself.

The disciples are serving because they are the judges of the 12 tribes, prophetically seen here in proper prophetic fashion, serving the tribes. (Master of all must be servant of all.)

Fish and bread are both served. The nation will spread out by land and sea.

By inspection in the Judean Kings chronology we can see the Ahaz's reign begins in the year 10255 AA. We can also see that Hosea's reign began in Ahaz's year 12.[8] or 10255 AA + 12 - 1 = 10266 AA.

Then in Hosea's 9th year, in the 3rd year of siege, the city of Samaria fell and the Assyrians hauled everyone away. So 10266 AA + 9 - 1 = 10274 AA is the last year of the siege.

The 4000 fed are likely 1 per year, so we can run the math. Beginning when this happened in history, 10274 AA + 4000 years = 14274 AA. About, of course, because it was about 4000.

This particular year, 14274 AA, is still nearly 1300 years in the future.

This same general season is indicated by the number of days in Jesus' own life up through his ascension. The year indicated in that case was 14220 AA. The math for that is worked out here.

1. Psalms 90:4
2. First Kings 16:31
3. Second Kings 9:34-37
4. First Kings 21:23
5. Second Kings 17:6
6. Daniel 4:34
7. Second Kings 17:5
8. Second Kings 17:1