Jesus Walks on Water
Jesus sends his disciples ahead by boat then he meets them walking on the water.
45Immediately Jesus made his disciples get into the boat and go on ahead of him to Bethsaida, while he dismissed the crowd. 46After leaving them, he went up on a mountainside to pray.
47When evening came, the boat was in the middle of the lake, and he was alone on land. 48He saw the disciples straining at the oars, because the wind was against them. About the fourth watch of the night he went out to them, walking on the lake. He was about to pass by them, 49but when they saw him walking on the lake, they thought he was a ghost. They cried out, 50because they all saw him and were terrified.
Immediately he spoke to them and said, "Take courage! It is I. Don't be afraid." 51Then he climbed into the boat with them, and the wind died down. They were completely amazed, 52for they had not understood about the loaves; their hearts were hardened. Mark 6:45-52 NIV
45And straightway he constrained his disciples to get into the ship, and to go to the other side before unto Bethsaida, while he sent away the people. 46And when he had sent them away, he departed into a mountain to pray. 47And when even was come, the ship was in the midst of the sea, and he alone on the land. 48And he saw them toiling in rowing; for the wind was contrary unto them: and about the fourth watch of the night he cometh unto them, walking upon the sea, and would have passed by them. 49But when they saw him walking upon the sea, they supposed it had been a spirit, and cried out: 50For they all saw him, and were troubled. And immediately he talked with them, and saith unto them, Be of good cheer: it is I; be not afraid. 51And he went up unto them into the ship; and the wind ceased: and they were sore amazed in themselves beyond measure, and wondered. 52For they considered not the miracle of the loaves: for their heart was hardened. Mark 6:45-52 KJV
Like the other Ark based parables, This one begins again with a trip by boat across the Sea of Galilee. This resets the time back to the historical event of Noah’s Ark.
In this particular story Jesus sends his disciples on ahead of him, alone, in their own boat. Then, in the middle of the 4th watch in the night Jesus appears as he is walking across the water, past the boat.
The time reference here, "Watch in the night" is reference to the time in the night when this happened. Nights are divided into 4 parts of 3 hours each. Night begins at sunset, nominally 6 PM, so each watch is 3 hours of the night. This particular meeting in the 4th such watch or between 3 AM and the 6 AM nominal sunrise.
Moses explains that 1000 years are like a day, they are also like watch in the night. Taking this as the time key for this parable the time interval is 4 watches, or 4000 years. This would normally point at the era around 10,000 AA or the time of David, but in this case it is only "about" the 4th watch which widens out the set of stories to all of those that happened between 9000 and 10,000 AA.
Jesus meets up with the boat carrying the disciples in the middle of the lake. This appears to be the way the parable indicates the middle of the 4th watch, or about the year 9500 AA. This is the time in history when the ancient Israelites departed Egypt for Canaan and crossed the Red Sea.
Further details support this particular rendering of the parable. Jesus sends the masses of people away, allowing himself the chance to go up on a mountain to pray. Moses essentially did the same, separating the ancient Israelites from the masses of the Egyptians so they could worship the Lord in the wilderness. That wilderness journey of course lead to Mount Sinai in Arabia, on the far side of the Red Sea.
It is also curious that Mount Sinai was between the crossing of the Red Sea and the crossing of the Jordan River. Both represent forms of baptism and the encounter at Mount Sinai was between these two water crossing events. This quite similar to the way Jesus meets with his disciples in the middle of the lake.
Several details surrounding Jesus’ encounter matter to this parable. At first Jesus is going to pass the disciples by. Jesus at first wasn’t going to stay with the disciples in the lake. This is a major feature of the encounter ancient Israel had with Jesus at the time of the Exodus. Because of their rebellion they were going to be "passed by" or left alone in the wilderness.
The disciples were afraid of Jesus, thinking they saw a ghost. A ghostly appearance is thought to be a collection of vapors, similar to a cloud. In the ancient case the Israelites saw the cloud, descend onto Mount Sinai. The ancients, too, were deathly afraid, wanting only Moses to approach the Lord.
When Jesus climbed into the boat the wind and waves ceased their attack on the boat. Wind and waves are symbolic of the troubles we face in our lives and the presence of Jesus in the boat with the disciples cured the fears they had. When the ancient Israelites were obedient to the Lord, and did what he said, they too were protected from the military attacks of the nations around.
The disciples fear, of drowning in the sea, is the main event at the Exodus from Egypt. Ancient Israel thought they would drown, but they walked right through on dry ground. Note the seas represent the gentile peoples and also represent loosing covenant relationship with Jesus.
The final comment, that they did not understand about the loaves, they had hard hearts, is an indirect reference as to why ancient Israel went down to Egypt in the first place. Jacob had sent his sons for grain in order to make loaves during the time of the famine. Jacob’s sons except Joseph, did not understand this was for God’s sovereign purpose. Egypt was where God would raise up the nation. The nation did not know this at the time of the Exodus, wanting to go back to Egypt instead of forward to the land where they would be taken. They, too, had hard hearts. They also did not realizing their destiny was basically control of the entire world.
Jesus Heals Many
53When they had crossed over, they landed at Gennesaret and anchored there. 54As soon as they got out of the boat, people recognized Jesus. 55They ran throughout that whole region and carried the sick on mats to wherever they heard he was. 56And wherever he went -- into villages, towns or countryside -- they placed the sick in the marketplaces. They begged him to let them touch even the edge of his cloak, and all who touched him were healed. Mark 6:53-56 NIV
53And when they had passed over, they came into the land of Gennesaret, and drew to the shore. 54And when they were come out of the ship, straightway they knew him, 55And ran through that whole region round about, and began to carry about in beds those that were sick, where they heard he was. 56And whithersoever he entered, into villages, or cities, or country, they laid the sick in the streets, and besought him that they might touch if it were but the border of his garment: and as many as touched him were made whole. Mark 6:53-56 KJV
The previous parable where Jesus encounters the disciples in the middle of the lake, likely around 4:30 in the morning, continues when they arrive on shore. This next parable does not contain any counts of anything so the timing is still tied to the previous parable. No crowds would have been able to see Jesus in the dark of night, but the sunrise, the end of the 4th watch, is when this would have taken place.
This story dates at the end of the full 4000 years suggested by 4 full watches. In chronological history this is around 10,000 years from Adam is at the time of David.
The Bible records many events that took place in the time before and during his reign. David was a mighty warrior many of the stories involve his exploits in the countryside surrounding Hebron and Jerusalem, his two seats of power. David’s most notorious story, though, was not a military exploit, but was his indiscretion with Bathsheba, the wife of Ephron(???) the Hittite.
David had remained at home in his palace while the army was at war. From his view over the city he saw Bathsheba. He seduced her and lay with her. She conceived. In order to cover for what had happened he summoned Ephron(???) back from the battle hoping he would lay with his own wife. He, in honor, would not while the rest of the army was at war so David conspired to have Ephron(???) killed.
David’s downfall was his disobedience to a specific command in the Mosaic Law: the king was to only have 1 wife. Eventually God judged David on this sin, sending a prophet to call out David’s sin. He then one of David’s sons who would attempt to take over David’s throne. In the process David’s son would put David’s harem on the roof of his palace and then go into the Harem in full view of citizens of Jerusalem. David himself departed Jerusalem for the countryside. Bed references, like this one, in the parables of Jesus are references to the sins and diseases that happen in bed. It is the Bible’s metaphor for venereal disease.
Further evidence in support of the parable is the final verse in the parable where the crowds want to touch the hem of Jesus’ garment. In so doing they were healed. This is something the woman with the issue of blood also did. It is also a direct reference to a story from the time of David. While David was gaining power he was essentially at war with Saul, the king who proceeded David in Jerusalem. Saul made several attempts at killing David, though David refused to "touch the Lord’s anointed."
One of the most famous times when David refused to kill Saul, even though he had the chance was when David and his men were hiding deep in a cave. Saul, with his men trying to find David, entered the same cave in order to relieve himself. David snuck up behind David and cut off a portion of the hem of Saul’s garment.
Saul did not know what had happened, and rejoined his men. Then, to Saul’s surprise David emerged from the cave and used the cut off piece in order to prove he was no going to harm Saul, though he had the chance. This caused Saul to back off from his attempts at killing David. It also demonstrated David’s worthiness to eventually sit on Saul’s throne in Jerusalem.
One of the most serious sins that people get into are attempts to take things that God himself has given through covenant or contract to others. When David was a young man, likely about age 13, a prophet of God had appeared in his home town and visited his father. The prophet inspected each son and when young David appeared, the prophet said David would become king over Israel. David knew the throne was eventually his. But, David recognized Saul’s right to the throne. David knew God would give David the throne in God’s timing. God had given it to Saul when Saul was anointed king. David impressed this point several times when he put to death people who were involved in coming against Saul as king over Israel. David left it in God’s hands to set the time and circumstances when David would eventually be granted access to Saul’s position.
David could not do the same with Bathsheba. This woman was someone else’s wife. She was married to another man’s wife. Marriage is a covenant too, entered into before God. David disregarded the marriage vows and committed adultery with Bathsheba. He suffered the consequences by having his harem exposed in full view of the city.
Jesus forgives sins and heals people from the consequences of those sins. The miracles Jesus performed the morning the arrived in Gennesaret was to heal people from the consequences of breaking covenant, healing those would touch the garment but no more.
1Then came together unto him the Pharisees, and certain of the scribes, which came from Jerusalem. 2And when they saw some of his disciples eat bread with defiled, that is to say, with unwashen, hands, they found fault. 3For the Pharisees, and all the Jews, except they wash their hands oft, eat not, holding the tradition of the elders.ean mee (except) - mee empty 4And when they come from the market, except they wash, they eat not. And many other things there be, which they have received to hold, as the washing of cups, and pots, brasen vessels, and of tables.ean mee (except) - mee empty 5Then the Pharisees and scribes asked him, Why walk not thy disciples according to the tradition of the elders, but eat bread with unwashen hands?dia di (why) - dia empty 6He answered and said unto them, Well hath Esaias prophesied of you hypocrites, as it is written, This people honoureth me with their lips, but their heart is far from me. 7Howbeit in vain do they worship me, teaching for doctrines the commandments of men. 8For laying aside the commandment of God, ye hold the tradition of men, as the washing of pots and cups: and many other such like things ye do. 9And he said unto them, Full well ye reject the commandment of God, that ye may keep your own tradition. 10For Moses said, Honour thy father and thy mother; and, Whoso curseth father or mother, let him die the death: 11But ye say, If a man shall say to his father or mother, It is Corban, that is to say, a gift, by whatsoever thou mightest be profited by me; he shall be free. 12And ye suffer him no more to do ought for his father or his mother; 13Making the word of God of none effect through your tradition, which ye have delivered: and many such like things do ye.
14¶And when he had called all the people unto him, he said unto them, Hearken unto me every one of you, and understand: 15There is nothing from without a man, that entering into him can defile him: but the things which come out of him, those are they that defile the man. 16If any man have ears to hear, let him hear. 17And when he was entered into the house from the people, his disciples asked him concerning the parable. 18And he saith unto them, Are ye so without understanding also? Do ye not perceive, that whatsoever thing from without entereth into the man, it cannot defile him;??ou dounatai (cannot) - split English word 19Because it entereth not into his heart, but into the belly, and goeth out into the draught, purging all meats? 20And he said, That which cometh out of the man, that defileth the man. 21For from within, out of the heart of men, proceed evil thoughts, adulteries, fornications, murders, 22Thefts, covetousness, wickedness, deceit, lasciviousness, an evil eye, blasphemy, pride, foolishness: Mark 7:1-22 KJV
1The Pharisees and some of the teachers of the law who had come from Jerusalem gathered around Jesus and 2saw some of his disciples eating food with hands that were "unclean," that is, unwashed. 3(The Pharisees and all the Jews do not eat unless they give their hands a ceremonial washing, holding to the tradition of the elders. 4When they come from the marketplace they do not eat unless they wash. And they observe many other traditions, such as the washing of cups, pitchers and kettles.)
5So the Pharisees and teachers of the law asked Jesus, "Why don't your disciples live according to the tradition of the elders instead of eating their food with `unclean' hands?"
6He replied, "Isaiah was right when he prophesied about you hypocrites; as it is written: "`These people honor me with their lips, but their hearts are far from me. 7They worship me in vain; their teachings are but rules taught by men.' 8You have let go of the commands of God and are holding on to the traditions of men."
9And he said to them: "You have a fine way of setting aside the commands of God in order to observe your own traditions! 10For Moses said, `Honor your father and your mother,' and, `Anyone who curses his father or mother must be put to death.' 11But you say that if a man says to his father or mother: `Whatever help you might otherwise have received from me is Corban' (that is, a gift devoted to God), 12then you no longer let him do anything for his father or mother. 13Thus you nullify the word of God by your tradition that you have handed down. And you do many things like that."
14Again Jesus called the crowd to him and said, "Listen to me, everyone, and understand this. 15Nothing outside a man can make him `unclean' by going into him. Rather, it is what comes out of a man that makes him `unclean.'" 16
17After he had left the crowd and entered the house, his disciples asked him about this parable. 18"Are you so dull?" he asked. "Don't you see that nothing that enters a man from the outside can make him `unclean'? 19For it doesn't go into his heart but into his stomach, and then out of his body." (In saying this, Jesus declared all foods "clean.")
20He went on: "What comes out of a man is what makes him `unclean.' 21For from within, out of men's hearts, come evil thoughts, sexual immorality, theft, murder, adultery, 22greed, malice, deceit, lewdness, envy, slander, arrogance and folly. Mark 7:1-22 NIV
Jesus Explains Defilement is of the Heart
At this point in Mark’s epistle Jesus gives the disciples an extensive editorial on the source and cause of defilement. Pointing directly back at Moses, Jesus explains that all the issue of the Law were really issues of the heart. Nothing from outside can defile someone’s heart. People’s hearts are defiled from within.
The people of Moses’ day developed into the kingdom of David’s day. Jesus quotes Isaiah to indicate with certainty that his message is an editorial on the ancient nation of Israel as much as it is on the individual people around him.
The Pharisees were the last remaining vestiges of the kingdom of David’s day, causing them to be the target of Jesus’ editorial. The editorial adds volumes on how to understand the events during the time of the Judean kingdom. The historical record covers the interactions of the kings at Jerusalem and how the dealt with the nations around. These were the external problems of the various kings, but the real problems were problems of the heart. This is defiled from within. When it comes to nations they always rise and fall based on their own internal sins, not on the external situations around them.
Faith of the Syro-Phoenician Woman
24Jesus left that place and went to the vicinity of Tyre. He entered a house and did not want anyone to know it; yet he could not keep his presence secret. 25In fact, as soon as she heard about him, a woman whose little daughter was possessed by an evil spirit came and fell at his feet. 26The woman was a Greek, born in Syrian Phoenicia. She begged Jesus to drive the demon out of her daughter.
27"First let the children eat all they want," he told her, "for it is not right to take the children's bread and toss it to their dogs."
28"Yes, Lord," she replied, "but even the dogs under the table eat the children's crumbs."
29Then he told her, "For such a reply, you may go; the demon has left your daughter."
30She went home and found her child lying on the bed, and the demon gone. Mark 7:24-30 NIV
24¶And from thence he arose, and went into the borders of Tyre and Sidon, and entered into an house, and would have no man know it: but he could not be hid. 25For a certain woman, whose young daughter had an unclean spirit, heard of him, and came and fell at his feet: 26The woman was a Greek, a Syrophenician by nation; and she besought him that he would cast forth the devil out of her daughter. 27But Jesus said unto her, Let the children first be filled: for it is not meet to take the children's bread, and to cast it unto the dogs. 28And she answered and said unto him, Yes, Lord: yet the dogs under the table eat of the children's crumbs.kai gar (yet) - kai empty 29And he said unto her, For this saying go thy way; the devil is gone out of thy daughter. 30And when she was come to her house, she found the devil gone out, and her daughter laid upon the bed. Mark 7:24-30 KJV
Without crossing anywhere by boat Jesus proceeds out to the Mediteranian Coast, to the regions of Tyre and Sidon. Without crossing by sea the time line of Mark remains roughly at the time of David.
While at Tyre he met a Syro-Phoenician woman, a Greek, who had a young daughter with a demon. The woman wants Jesus to heal her daughter. Jesus enters into a peculiar dialog with the woman, indicating that the children should be fed before the dogs. The woman indicates the dogs eat from the children, and with this response the demon left the woman’s daughter.
In the historical story just after David’s day, a man named Hiram, a half-breed, between Dan and Greek(???) is sent by the king to build the temple.
The pay to Hiram for supplying materials was food for Hiram’s table. That food was a small fraction of the cost of the entire operation of building the temple. In this parable the crumbs from the table represent this small token paid to Hiram for his part in Solomon’s great effort.
Jesus’ editorial on this story is that Hiram (and presumably his family or those with him) were saved over their contribution to Solomon’s temple project.
Deaf Mute at Decapolis
31Then Jesus left the vicinity of Tyre and went through Sidon, down to the Sea of Galilee and into the region of the Decapolis. 32There some people brought to him a man who was deaf and could hardly talk, and they begged him to place his hand on the man.
33After he took him aside, away from the crowd, Jesus put his fingers into the man's ears. Then he spit and touched the man's tongue. 34He looked up to heaven and with a deep sigh said to him, "Ephphatha!" (which means, "Be opened!"). 35At this, the man's ears were opened, his tongue was loosened and he began to speak plainly.
36Jesus commanded them not to tell anyone. But the more he did so, the more they kept talking about it. 37People were overwhelmed with amazement. "He has done everything well," they said. "He even makes the deaf hear and the mute speak." Mark 7:31-37 NIV
31¶And again, departing from the coasts of Tyre and Sidon, he came unto the sea of Galilee, through the midst of the coasts of Decapolis. 32And they bring unto him one that was deaf, and had an impediment in his speech; and they beseech him to put his hand upon him. 33And he took him aside from the multitude, and put his fingers into his ears, and he spit, and touched his tongue;kat idian (on his own) - no English for Greek tagged idian (tag 8) with 'aside' (from tag 2) 34And looking up to heaven, he sighed, and saith unto him, Ephphatha, that is, Be opened. 35And straightway his ears were opened, and the string of his tongue was loosed, and he spake plain. 36And he charged them that they should tell no man: but the more he charged them, so much the more a great deal they published it; 37And were beyond measure astonished, saying, He hath done all things well: he maketh both the deaf to hear, and the dumb to speak. Mark 7:31-37 KJV
From Tyre, Jesus heads back to the shores of the Sea of Galilee. The location near the Decapolis, a trigger for this story. This is where Jesus had cast out Legion from the demoniac. Now Jesus has returned.
The ’Decapolis’ or ’City of 10’ is figuratively the 10 northern tribes of ancient Israel. Their capital eventually became Samaria. Jesus’ story line now turns to this secondary group. Galilee itself is northern as well.
The Decapolis reference is also an implied reference to the Tower of Babel, since Jesus cast out a deaf-mute spirit on a story linked to the tower of Babel.
At the time of the split kingdom the Bible’s main historical chronology began replaying and continued across the time of the Judean kings. The fall of Samaria, the capital of the northern kingdom, if you will the ’city of the 10’ is a prophetic match in time to the fall of the tower of Babel. Jesus’ narrative here is turning back to the Decapolis because he is now pushing forward in his narrative to the time of the fall of the city of Samaria. (10276 AA was the last year the city of Samaria stood to the Assyrians.)
In the account of casting out legion, the place "Decapolis" was linked directly to the tower of Babel. Now, here back near Decapolis, Jesus proceeds into his next miracle. The people bring a man who is deaf and mute. Jesus proceeds to open the man’s ears and mouth, exclaiming "be opened."
This miracle is done privately because the northern kingdom chronology which is in view here is off the beaten path of the Judean king chronology.
In this case Jesus’ miracle is pointing at the dispursion of the tribes of ancient Israel. The Assyrians hauled the tribes away and they would each eventually become nations with their own unique languages. This is the same effect as the tower of Babel on the world, here it was on Israel itself. Again, the deaf-mute spirit was cast out so the nation could speak.
Matched against historical time it suggests an interesting twist on why Jesus said be quiet. They had terrible theology, having invented their own under Jeroboam’s direction after the civil war. The message was spread anyway, as these eventually Christian nations would do world wide, badly, it seems.
Jesus Feeds 4000
1During those days another large crowd gathered. Since they had nothing to eat, Jesus called his disciples to him and said, 2"I have compassion for these people; they have already been with me three days and have nothing to eat. 3If I send them home hungry, they will collapse on the way, because some of them have come a long distance."
4His disciples answered, "But where in this remote place can anyone get enough bread to feed them?"
5"How many loaves do you have?" Jesus asked.
"Seven," they replied.
6He told the crowd to sit down on the ground. When he had taken the seven loaves and given thanks, he broke them and gave them to his disciples to set before the people, and they did so. 7They had a few small fish as well; he gave thanks for them also and told the disciples to distribute them. 8The people ate and were satisfied. Afterward the disciples picked up seven basketfuls of broken pieces that were left over. 9About four thousand men were present. And having sent them away, Mark 8:1-9 NIV
1In those days the multitude being very great, and having nothing to eat, Jesus called his disciples unto him, and saith unto them, 2I have compassion on the multitude, because they have now been with me three days, and have nothing to eat: 3And if I send them away fasting to their own houses, they will faint by the way: for divers of them came from far. 4And his disciples answered him, From whence can a man satisfy these men with bread here in the wilderness? 5And he asked them, How many loaves have ye? And they said, Seven. 6And he commanded the people to sit down on the ground: and he took the seven loaves, and gave thanks, and brake, and gave to his disciples to set before them; and they did set them before the people. 7And they had a few small fishes: and he blessed, and commanded to set them also before them. 8So they did eat, and were filled: and they took up of the broken meat that was left seven baskets. 9And they that had eaten were about four thousand: and he sent them away. Mark 8:1-9 KJV
Without leaving the region of the Decapolis, Mark records a second time that Jesus feeds a crowd. They have been with Jesus three days without food. This is a direct prophetic reference to the 3 years of the Assyrian Siege against Samaria, when Samaria also had no food.
(Days with people are years with the nation, as a general principle, which applies here too.)
The underlying language for ’come’ as in ’they have come a long way’ can be equally translated ’go’ so the secondary meaning of the passage is they have a long way to go to get to their homes so we need to feed them before the leave. This is what the tribes were about to do when Samaria fell.
The crowds were commanded to sit on the ground because they were prophetically being spread out across the ground, the earth itself.
The disciples are serving because they are the judges of the 12 tribes, prophetically seen here in proper prophetic fashion, serving the tribes. (Master of all must be servant of all.)
Fish and bread are both served. The nation will spread out by land and sea.
Note the total, 4000, being fed gives a time reference. Beginning when this happened in history, 10276 AA, and adding 4000 years yeilds 14276 AA. This is the year for the prophetic fulfillment of the next story.
Demand For a Sign
10¶And straightway he entered into a ship with his disciples, and came into the parts of Dalmanutha. 11And the Pharisees came forth, and began to question with him, seeking of him a sign from heaven, tempting him. 12And he sighed deeply in his spirit, and saith, Why doth this generation seek after a sign? verily I say unto you, There shall no sign be given unto this generation. Mark 8:10-12 KJV
10he got into the boat with his disciples and went to the region of Dalmanutha.
11The Pharisees came and began to question Jesus. To test him, they asked him for a sign from heaven. 12He sighed deeply and said, "Why does this generation ask for a miraculous sign? I tell you the truth, no sign will be given to it." Mark 8:10-12 NIV
This particular year, 14276 AA, is still nearly 1300 years in the future. There is confirmation that this is the proper placement because Jesus’ visit to Herod, during passion week, also fulfills this point. No sign was given Herod either.
Note: There is a second way to render this 4000 years. Tower of Babel in about 8020 AA + 4000 years = 12020 AA. This was about the year 1000 AD when no signs were given to mankind from heaven.
1. Psalms 90:4