Theory

This chapter develops the theory of time in the Bible. The articles form steps in a story that address how time works in the Bible, and finding where we are now on that Biblical system for counting time. Here is the general outline.

  • Counting Numbers

    Modern people often use real numbers to count time intervals. This is useful in many situations but it is also prone to serious errors. This article explains counting numbers and how they differ from real numbers. The reason? The Bible was written with counting numbers. (1,436 words)

  • 1 Based Math -- Bible Mathematics

    Neither the original Hebrew nor Aramaic nor later Greek nor Roman counting systems have a digit for zero. Nothing was written nor counted using zero “0” in the Bible. The first item in lists of items is item number 1.

    Obvious? Yes, but modern people don’t always count this way. Using zero based counting as an interpretive grid of time references in the Bible is a source of major errors. (3,424 words)

  • Definitions of Biblical Days

    The calendar day is the basic unit of time in the Bible. This unit breaks down into finer units of time, watches and hours, and those sub-day units of time become important in Passion Week.

    Days are also combined to form larger units of time, called calendar time. Calendar time includes weeks, months, years, Sabbath and Jubilee year groups, as well as 10 fold jubilees and millennia.

    To accurately measure time, in all of its various aspects requires a precise definition of the base unit for all time, the calendar day.

    In this article we develop a definition for the Bible’s Calendar day. (2,258 words)

  • Defining Bibical Months

    Bible months are a predictable 30 days each. No exceptions. There is no attempt to make the month synchronous with the movements of the earth’s moon. It also makes time counted with months quite precise. (2,904 words)

  • Defining Biblical Years

    The purpose of this article is to show that Biblical Years are either 360 days or 390 days, 12 or 13 months. The long years fall on the Sabbath and Jubilee years within a 50 year cycle. (2,238 words)

  • Prophetic Counting

    When Joseph interprets the cup bearer and baker’s dreams he reveals an important clue: Each time God speaks a number that number is a reference to time. Since the Bible is God’s word to us, all counts within the pages of the Bible are references to time. (1,132 words)

  • Time Transforms

    "Day" and "Time" are two words that have well defined, but multiple meanings. Knowing those meanings unlocks numerous Bible passages.

    Generally speaking the word "day" means a 24 hour day when applied to a person, year when applied to nations and a millennium when applied to God.

    All such meanings can be recursive and applied again. Jesus uses these meanings extensively when he is giving his parables in the Gospels. There is a similar set of recursive meaning that come from time units below the hour. Those are covered better when looking at Passion Week. (2,773 words)

  • Defining 'Fathers'

    There are no direct Chronologies in the Bible. This is usually overlooked when people start to use math to compute the year of Adam’s first year. (1,587 words)

  • The Genealogy Classroom: Exodus 6

    The single best place for study of Bible genealogies is Exodus chapter 6. In this chapter the time decorations that provide the raw data for chronologies are seen in their purest, and most easily learned form. (3,202 words)

  • Using Parallel Calendars

    Previous articles have laid out the foundational issues for building a time line from Adam to the present. This one deals with the philosophy of how the answer should be structured.

    In general the Bible’s own time system will be used in this exercise, without conversion to modern calendar dates. This allows the precision of the exercise to be matched to the Bible’s natural precision, without loss because of conversion. (1,500 words)

  • Starting Epoch

    The Bible was written without the use of long distance calendar epochs like we are familiar with today. Two times in Biblical history make good starting epochs. The earliest reasonable starting epoch is Adam’s 1st year. The latter reasonable starting epoch is the Exodus from Egypt. These 2 events are exactly 9500 years apart, 190 Jubilee cycles, making reconciliation between the 2 starting points easy. (1,475 words)