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# Report on Exodus Census Counts

The future history of the people of ancient Israel is occasionally seen chronologically in the counts found in the Bible. Once such place is the counts at the Exodus. These counts map to the number of days in 3500 years, a match to the 70 jubilees the world is now finishing. There are some detailed issues. This page explains and provides interactive tool for exploring.

## Background

The book of Numbers includes census counts for the nation of Israel. These census counts are recorded carefully, and seconded for all of us to read today. Why did God take such care in making sure we knew these numbers?

Because they are a day-count at the rate of one family head, able to serve in the army, for each day in the age between the Exodus from Egypt and the end of the age.

This query takes those counts, allowing for various choices in application, and runs out the dates. The resulting query shows the dates when we switch from one tribe, or sub-tribe, to another. Be warned that there has rarely been confirmation on the intermediate dates in counted lists list this. What appears to matter are the totals So, we may find that only the start and stop periods for these reports are significant. Until we have even one strong confirmation, we must take the intermediate dates with caution. That said, Korah’s rebellion appears to warrant special treatment.

A curious feature of these census’ is that Korah, one of Aaron’s sons, Korah’s brother, and 250 other followers take part in a revolt and are destroyed by the Lord. This story is recounted carefully at the time of the second census as well as at the first. Note that 2 brothers + 250 others = 252 family heads taking part in the revolt. They were all priests, which are worth 5 regular heads of households. So, 252 * 5 = 1260. At the rate of 1/day, this is 1260 days somewhere in the age. Since it is recorded twice in Numbers, this gets generated twice in the following query. Also, since the priests, of which these fellows were, are "set apart" in various ways they should be set apart here. What does that mean for a sequential list? Either they come first, or they come last. Since the start of this period is probably right at the Exodus, and since there is little history in the following 40 years, I’ve chosen to place the last in all the reports generated here.

## Choosing the right Start date

There are various candidate dates when we should start the counts and run them out. The reasonable ones are offered below. The following are the reasons behind each choice.

• 2/2/1 FE The date the census was originally called. This date is a reasonable choice for no other reason than this is when the census was called. The other choices detract from this choice, and the reason the census was called this date was not because the date was special to the census, but to the army who was about to advance and fail in their first attempt at taking Canaan. All the other dates seem better than this one.

• 1/1/15 FE, Date of the Exodus This date is more appealing because this is the date the Israelites left Egypt. Choose this date to see that the grand totals in this report is a total of 3500 years to the day and that Exodus to 2 is probably this many days. This does point at the inflexion day, 3501/1/15 FE and is an interesting choice.

• 1/1/1 FE, Date of the start of the calendar. This is appealing if you want to use the start of the year as the start of this period. Some other places, like Solomon’s Temple dedication work best when the start of the year is chosen. Nothing else supports this choice.

• 9500/12/1 AA This choice, the default in the form below, is probably the best choice. This is 60 days before the start of the calendar, 75 days before the first Exodus. This choice has confirmation through the fact that it was 40 years from this date that the Israelites began to advance towards the Jordan river, suggesting this to be the date that God started advance his plan to get the Israelites out of Egypt, 40 years before. This choice also aligns the period of Korah’s rebellion with the start of the 7X period of Daniel. Recall his "schedule" was 1260, 1290, and then a special 1335. If this last 1335 is overlapped with the 1290 day period, as we chart it elsewhere, then Daniel points at the date 3501/1/15, and his first 1260 day period will align with the first set of Korah’s rebellion. (Muddled, I know, sorry.) Anyway, this makes a choice of 75 days early at the start align with the last, special, 75 day period at the end of the age. The pattern here at the day level count agreeing with so many other places where the number of days needed to start a project happening at the end of the project too. (Like 19 year fall of Jerusalem, 19 years back.) So, this is the default choice, and for various reasons, probably the best.

## Choosing the right Levite Strategy

The total number of Levites is not clear from the Hebrew Text. The problem is that two different possible numbers are given, and depending on which one is used a different total length is provided in the report. The following are the issues around the two choices:

• 22,000 total Levites This choice is the summary number given for the number Levites in the first census. It is the default. It is my preferred choice because it renders the list with an exact 3500 day interval.

• 22,300 total Levites This choice is provided for the curious. The Septuagent supports this choice, but is in clear disagreement with the Hebrew. Check relevant footnotes in most bibles.

## Choosing the Order of Presentation

Because of my desire to get Korah’s rebellion to align at the end of the age, providing a link that the Book of Jude seems to support, all queries through here will put his rebellion, and the counts from him at the end of the generated report. The other tribes, counted in the census, have less clear place in the generated report. The following are the two choices presented here.

• As Counted This choice will present all the other tribes in the order as presented in the census. This is the default below, but probably not the right one. Generally speaking the textual order is not the chronological order if there are keys anywhere else about what the order should be. But, we are generation a census report which gives dates to the census reports actually recorded for us, so this is the default here.

• In Walking Order This choice presents the counts in the order that they were to advance out of the camp when the pillar of fire advanced. This has also been "bunched" since there were two census’ and only one kingdom, which presents a problem for us still. Advice on this problem? Send e-mail to address at bottom of page.

Parameters for Census Count Report

Starting Epoch Levite Strategy Order
2/2/1 FE, Date census called
1/1/15 FE, Date of the Exodus
1/1/1 FE, Start of calendar
9500/12/1 AA, 60 days before calendar start.
22000 Total Levites
22300 Total Levites
As counted
Bunched tribes, in walking order.

This query produces the historical dates corresponding to the sequence of dates implied by the national census’ recorded in Numbers.

Choosing the right starting epoch is hard. The default choice stands the best chance of being right. It is 40 years to the day before the advance on the Jordan river.1 (Note that 9500 AA is a sabbath year, with 13 months, so month 12 and 13 are the last two months of this year. 40/11/1 FE minus 40 years, is 0/12/1 FE)

This default starting point causes the 1260 day intervals of Daniel at the end of the age to line up perfectly, using other work done elsewhere on the site. This makes the census counts and Daniel’s account confirmations of each other. Note the dates in the result of this query for the dates of the "classic" seven years of tribulation.

## Report on Exodus Census Counts

The census reports from Numbers, rendered as days.

• 0/12/1 FE taken as the starting epoch.
• 22000 total Levites.
• Order as counted.
Census report
Starting Epoch:
Fri9500/12/1 AA16 Mar -1486 NS7 Dec 913 BAUCAAN: 3465541
0/12/1 FE 29 Mar -1486 OS7 Dec 1666 BCJDN: 1178384
Judah runs for 74600 days, ending here: (Running Total: 74600)
Sat9705/5/21 AA15 Jun -1282 NS6 Jun 667 BAUCAAN: 3540141
205/5/21 FE 26 Jun -1282 OS6 Jun 1420 BCJDN: 1252984
Issachar runs for 54400 days, ending here: (Running Total: 129000)
Tue9854/7/1 AA24 May -1133 NS21 Mai 488 BAUCAAN: 3594541
354/7/1 FE 4 Jun -1133 OS21 Mai 1241 BCJDN: 1307384
Zebulun runs for 57400 days, ending here: (Running Total: 186400)
Tue10011/11/11 AA20 Jul -976 NS26 Mar 299 BAUCAAN: 3651941
511/11/11 FE 29 Jul -976 OS26 Mar 1052 BCJDN: 1364784
Reuben runs for 46500 days, ending here: (Running Total: 232900)
Mon10139/5/11 AA12 Nov -849 NS14 Mar 146 BAUCAAN: 3698441
639/5/11 FE 20 Nov -849 OS14 Mar 899 BCJDN: 1411284
Simeon runs for 59300 days, ending here: (Running Total: 292200)
Thu10301/11/1 AA22 Mar -686 NS16 Dec 48 AUCAAN: 3757741
801/11/1 FE 29 Mar -686 OS16 Dec 706 BCJDN: 1470584
Gad runs for 45650 days, ending here: (Running Total: 337850)
Sun10427/1/21 AA17 Mar -561 NS20 Qui 177 AUCAAN: 3803391
927/1/21 FE 23 Mar -562 OS20 Qui 577 BCJDN: 1516234
Ephraim runs for 40500 days, ending here: (Running Total: 378350)
Fri10538/1/21 AA3 Feb -450 NS19 Six 291 AUCAAN: 3843891
1038/1/21 FE 8 Feb -451 OS19 Six 463 BCJDN: 1556734
Manasseh runs for 32200 days, ending here: (Running Total: 410550)
Fri10626/5/1 AA2 Apr -362 NS5 Mai 382 AUCAAN: 3876091
1126/5/1 FE 7 Apr -362 OS5 Mai 372 BCJDN: 1588934
Benjamin runs for 35400 days, ending here: (Running Total: 445950)
Sat10723/5/1 AA5 Mar -265 NS22 Jan 482 AUCAAN: 3911491
1223/5/1 FE 9 Mar -266 OS22 Jan 272 BCJDN: 1624334
Dan runs for 62700 days, ending here: (Running Total: 508650)
Sun10895/4/1 AA4 Nov -94 NS5 Sep 658 AUCAAN: 3974191
1395/4/1 FE 6 Nov -94 OS5 Sep 96 BCJDN: 1687034
Asher runs for 41500 days, ending here: (Running Total: 550150)
Thu11008/12/11 AA18 Jun 20 NS20 Jun 773 AUCAAN: 4015691
1508/12/11 FE 20 Jun 20 OS20 Jun 20 ADJDN: 1728534
Naphtali runs for 53400 days, ending here: (Running Total: 603550)
Mon11155/5/11 AA1 Sep 166 NS2 Sep 919 AUCAAN: 4069091
1655/5/11 FE 2 Sep 166 OS2 Sep 166 ADJDN: 1781934
Levites, Gershon runs for 7500 days, ending here: (Running Total: 611050)
Thu11175/12/11 AA15 Mar 187 NS16 Mar 940 AUCAAN: 4076591
1675/12/11 FE 16 Mar 186 OS16 Mar 187 ADJDN: 1789434
Levites, Kohath runs for 8300 days, ending here: (Running Total: 619350)
Tue11198/10/1 AA5 Dec 209 NS5 Dec 962 AUCAAN: 4084891
1698/10/1 FE 5 Dec 209 OS5 Dec 209 ADJDN: 1797734
Levites, Merari runs for 6200 days, ending here: (Running Total: 625550)
Sun11215/8/21 AA26 Nov 226 NS26 Nov 979 AUCAAN: 4091091
1715/8/21 FE 26 Nov 226 OS26 Nov 226 ADJDN: 1803934
Reuben runs for 43730 days, ending here: (Running Total: 669280)
Mon11335/8/11 AA19 Aug 346 NS18 Aug 1099 AUCAAN: 4134821
1835/8/11 FE 18 Aug 346 OS18 Aug 346 ADJDN: 1847664
Simeon runs for 22200 days, ending here: (Running Total: 691480)
Thu11396/6/11 AA31 May 407 NS30 May 1160 AUCAAN: 4157021
1896/6/11 FE 30 May 407 OS30 May 407 ADJDN: 1869864
Gad runs for 40500 days, ending here: (Running Total: 731980)
Tue11507/6/11 AA19 Apr 518 NS17 Apr 1271 AUCAAN: 4197521
2007/6/11 FE 17 Apr 518 OS17 Apr 518 ADJDN: 1910364
Judah runs for 76500 days, ending here: (Running Total: 808480)
Sat11717/2/11 AA1 Oct 727 NS27 Sep 1480 AUCAAN: 4274021
2217/2/11 FE 27 Sep 727 OS27 Sep 727 ADJDN: 1986864
Issachar runs for 64300 days, ending here: (Running Total: 872780)
Thu11893/5/21 AA18 Oct 903 NS13 Oct 1656 AUCAAN: 4338321
2393/5/21 FE 13 Oct 903 OS13 Oct 903 ADJDN: 2051164
Zebulun runs for 60500 days, ending here: (Running Total: 933280)
Wed12059/3/11 AA9 Jun 1069 NS3 Jun 1822 AUCAAN: 4398821
2559/3/11 FE 3 Jun 1069 OS3 Jun 1069 ADJDN: 2111664
Manasseh runs for 52700 days, ending here: (Running Total: 985980)
Sun12203/9/1 AA22 Sep 1213 NS15 Sep 1966 AUCAAN: 4451521
2703/9/1 FE 15 Sep 1213 OS15 Sep 1213 ADJDN: 2164364
Ephraim runs for 32500 days, ending here: (Running Total: 1018480)
Sat12292/11/11 AA16 Sep 1302 NS8 Sep 2055 AUCAAN: 4484021
2792/11/11 FE 8 Sep 1302 OS8 Sep 1302 ADJDN: 2196864
Benjamin runs for 45600 days, ending here: (Running Total: 1064080)
Mon12417/10/11 AA23 Jul 1427 NS14 Jul 2180 AUCAAN: 4529621
2917/10/11 FE 14 Jul 1427 OS14 Jul 1427 ADJDN: 2242464
Dan runs for 64400 days, ending here: (Running Total: 1128480)
Mon12594/5/1 AA17 Nov 1603 NS7 Nov 2356 AUCAAN: 4594021
3094/5/1 FE 7 Nov 1603 OS7 Nov 1603 ADJDN: 2306864
Asher runs for 53400 days, ending here: (Running Total: 1181880)
Fri12740/10/1 AA30 Jan 1750 NS19 Jan 2503 AUCAAN: 4647421
3240/10/1 FE 19 Jan 1749 OS19 Jan 1750 ADJDN: 2360264
Naphtali runs for 45400 days, ending here: (Running Total: 1227280)
Wed12865/2/11 AA20 May 1874 NS8 May 2627 AUCAAN: 4692821
3365/2/11 FE 8 May 1874 OS8 May 1874 ADJDN: 2405664
Levites runs for 23000 days, ending here: (Running Total: 1250280)
Mon12928/4/1 AA10 May 1937 NS27 Apr 2690 AUCAAN: 4715821
3428/4/1 FE 27 Apr 1937 OS27 Apr 1937 ADJDN: 2428664
Plague runs for 24000 days, ending here: (Running Total: 1274280)
Fri12994/1/1 AA24 Jan 2003 NS11 Jan 2756 AUCAAN: 4739821
3494/1/1 FE 11 Jan 2002 OS11 Jan 2003 ADJDN: 2452664
Rebellion 1 runs for 1260 days, ending here: (Running Total: 1275540)
Fri12997/7/1 AA7 Jul 2006 NS24 Jun 2759 AUCAAN: 4741081
3497/7/1 FE 24 Jun 2006 OS24 Jun 2006 ADJDN: 2453924
Rebellion 2 runs for 1260 days, ending here: (Running Total: 1276800)
Fri13000/12/1 AA18 Dec 2009 NS5 Dec 2762 AUCAAN: 4742341
3500/12/1 FE 5 Dec 2009 OS5 Dec 2009 ADJDN: 2455184
75 more, reaching Daniel’s 1335 days. runs for 75 days, ending here: (Running Total: 1276875)
Wed13001/1/16 AA3 Mar 2010 NS18 Feb 2763 AUCAAN: 4742416
3501/1/16 FE 18 Feb 2009 OS18 Feb 2010 ADJDN: 2455259

### Notes

For the default case...

The entire system is circular, ending 3500 days to the day from where it started. (The extra 75 days from Daniel, the last row in the chart above, are not part of Exodus and don't count for this analysis.) It does not matter what starting date is used, if the standard Levite count is used the ending date is 3500 years from the starting date.

The default settings are curious because they essentially land at the same end as can be deduced for Daniel’s 1335 days based on the calendar.

Of course this is off by 1 day. Pretty good over a running total over 1.2 million in these various counts.

The last few dates in the series are clearly following a pattern. The Naphtali date in 1874 is the second general election in the newly formed Germany Reich of 1871.

January of 2003 marks the start of the Second Persian Gulf War, and the issuing of the "Road Map" peace document, marking the start of the Tribulation and starting the war.

July of 2006 is the war across the Israel/Lebanon border.

1 Deuteronomy 1:3